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Relays and Contactors: Types, Working and Difference between them

Relays are basically switches which are primarily used for the protection of equipment. It generally uses two circuits – A control circuit and a power circuit. The control circuit…

Different Types of Batteries and Their Applications

Battery is the primary power source for any electronics wireless gadget, be it a smartphone, laptop, watch or remote. Can you imagine the situation without these energy sources?…

How to use TVS Diodes for Transient Voltage Suppression

Diodes are the most fundamental semi-conductor device that is commonly used in many electronic designs like, Rectifiers, Converters, Inverters, Protections circuits, regulators,…

Introduction to RFID Modules – Construction, Types and Working

The term RFID stands for Radio Frequency Identification, as the name defines the operation of the device is based on the Radio frequency signals. The RFID systems consists of RFID…

Introduction to Gas Sensors: Construction Types and Working

A Typical human nose has 400 types of scent receptors enabling us to smell about 1 trillion different odours. But still many of us do not have the capacity to identify the type or…

Introduction to Schmitt Trigger

What is a Schmitt Trigger? A Schmitt trigger is a comparator (not exclusively) circuit that makes use of positive feedback (small changes in the input lead to large changes in…

Buck Converter: Basics, Working, Design and Operation

Many a times in the electronics world we find the need to reduce one DC voltage to a lower one. For example we may need to power a 3.3V microcontroller from a 12V supply rail. The…

Introduction to Digital to Analog Converters (DAC)

When talking about signals, they can be broadly classified into analog signals and digital signals. All Digital Electronics like Logic Gates, Flip-Flops, Microcontroller,…

Introduction to Analog to Digital Converters (ADC Converters)

We live in an analog world, surrounded by digital devices. Everything we see, feel or measure is analog in nature such as light, temperature, speed, pressure etc. But most of the…

What is Voltage Regulator and How Does It Work?

Most of the Integrated IC’s require a constant voltage with which it could operate. Be it a simple Logic Gate or a complex microprocessor they have their own operating voltage.…