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Raspberry Pi 3

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RASPBERRY PI 3 is a development board in PI series. It can be considered as a single board computer that works on LINUX operating system. The board not only has tons of features it also has terrific processing speed making it suitable for advanced applications. PI board is specifically designed for hobbyist and engineers who are interested in LINUX systems and IOT (Internet of Things).

 

Raspberry Pi-3 Pin Configuration

PIN GROUP

PIN NAME

DESCRIPTION

POWER SOURCE

+5V, +3.3V, GND and Vin

+5V -power output

+3.3V -power output

GND – GROUND pin

COMMUNICATION INTERFACE

UART Interface(RXD, TXD)  [(GPIO15,GPIO14)]

UART (Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter) used for interfacing sensors and other devices.

SPI Interface(MOSI, MISO, CLK,CE) x 2                         

[SPI0-(GPIO10 ,GPIO9, GPIO11 ,GPIO8)]

[SPI1--(GPIO20 ,GPIO19, GPIO21 ,GPIO7)]

SPI (Serial Peripheral Interface) used for communicating with other boards or peripherals.

TWI Interface(SDA, SCL) x 2                [(GPIO2, GPIO3)]

[(ID_SD,ID_SC)]

TWI (Two Wire Interface) Interface can be used to connect peripherals.

INPUT OUTPUT PINS

26 I/O

Although these some pins have multiple functionsthey can be considered as I/O pins.

PWM

Hardware PWM available on GPIO12, GPIO13, GPIO18, GPIO19

These 4 channels can provide PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) outputs.

*Software PWM available on all pins

EXTERNAL INTERRUPTS

All I/O

In the board all I/O pins can be used as Interrupts.

 

Raspberry Pi 3 Technical Specifications

Microprocessor

Broadcom BCM2837 64bit Quad Core Processor

Processor Operating Voltage

3.3V

Raw Voltage input

5V, 2A power source

Maximum current through each I/O pin

16mA

Maximum total current drawn from all I/O pins

54mA

Flash Memory (Operating System)

16Gbytes SSD memory card

Internal RAM

1Gbytes DDR2

Clock Frequency

1.2GHz

GPU

Dual Core Video Core IV® Multimedia Co-Processor. Provides Open GLES 2.0, hardware-accelerated Open VG, and 1080p30 H.264 high- profile decode.

Capable of 1Gpixel/s, 1.5Gtexel/s or 24GFLOPs with texture filtering and DMA infrastructure.

Ethernet

10/100 Ethernet

Wireless Connectivity

BCM43143 (802.11 b/g/n Wireless LAN and Bluetooth 4.1)

Operating Temperature

-40ºC to +85ºC

 

Board Connectors

Name

Description

Ethernet

Base T Ethernet Socket

USB

2.0 (Four sockets)

Audio Output

3.5mm Jack and HDMI

Video output

HDMI

Camera Connector

15-pin MIPI Camera Serial Interface (CSI-2)

Display Connector

Display Serial Interface (DSI) 15 way flat flex cable connector with two data lanes and a clock lane.

Memory Card Slot

Push/Pull Micro SDIO

 

Similar Boards

RASPBERRY PI – 2, RASPBERRY PI – 1, RASPBERRY PI – ZERO, RASPBERRY PI – 2 B+

 

Other Development Boards

INTEL GALILEO, INTEL EDISON, ESP32, ARDUINO DUE.

 

Where RASPBERRY PI 3 is Used?

RASPBERRY PI platform is most used after ADRUINO. Although overall applications of PI are less it is most preferred when developing advanced applications. Also the RASPBERRY PI is an open source platform where one can get a lot of related information so you can customize the system depending on the need.

Here are few examples where RASPBERRY PI 3 is chosen over other microcontrollers and development boards:

1. Where the system processing is huge. Most ARDUINO boards all have clock speed of less than 100MHz, so they can perform functions limited to their capabilities. They cannot process high end programs for applications like Weather Station, Cloud server, gaming console etc. With 1.2GHz clock speed and 1 GB RAM RASPBERRY PI can perform all those advanced functions.

2. Where wireless connectivity is needed. RASPBERRY PI 3 has wireless LAN and Bluetooth facility by which you can setup WIFI HOTSPOT for internet connectivity. For Internet of Things this feature is best suited.

3. RASPBERRY PI had dedicated port for connecting touch LCD display which is a feature that completely omits the need of monitor.

4. RASPBERRY PI also has dedicated camera port so one can connect camera without any hassle to the PI board.

5. RASPBERRY PI also has PWM outputs for application use.

There are many other features like HD steaming which further promote the use of RASPBERRY PI.

 

How to Use RASPBERRY PI 3

As mentioned earlier PI is simply a COMPUTER ON A SINGLE BOARD so it cannot be used like ARDUINO development boards. For the PI to start working we need to first install OPERATING SYSTEM. This feature is similar to our PC. The PI has dedicated OS for it; any other OS will not work.

We will discuss the programming of PI in step by step below.

  1. Take the 16GB micro SD card and dedicate it specifically for PI OS.
  2. Choose and Download OS software. [https://www.raspberrypi.org/downloads/] (‘NOOBS’ recommended for beginners )
  3. Format the SD card and install OS on to the SD memory card using convenient methods.
  4. Take the SD card after OS installation and insert it in PI board.
  5. Connect monitor, keyboard and mouse
  6. Power the board with micro USB connector
  7. Once the power is tuned ON the PI will run on the OS installed in the memory card and will start from boot.
  8. Once all drivers are checked the PI will ask for authorization, this is set by default and can be changed.
  9. After authorization you will reach desktop where all application program development starts.         

 

On the PI you can download application programs required for your use and can directly install as you do for your PC. After that you can work on developing required program and get the PI run the developed programs.

 

Applications

  • Hobby projects.
  • Low cost PC/tablet/laptop
  • IoT applications
  • Media center
  • Robotics
  • Industrial/Home automation
  • Server/cloud server
  • Print server
  • Security monitoring
  • Web camera
  • Gaming
  • Wireless access point
  • Environmental sensing/monitoring (e.g. WEATHER STATION)

 

Dimensions

Raspberry Pi 3 Dimensions




Download Datasheet PDF:
Raspberry Pi 3 Datasheet