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L298 - Dual Full-Bridge Driver IC

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L298 is a high power version of L293 motor driver IC. It is a high voltage, high current, dual full-bridge driver designed to accept standard TTL logic levels (Control Logic) and drive inductive loads such as relays, solenoids, DC and Stepper motors. Two enable inputs are provided to Enable or disable the device independently of the input signals. The emitters of the lower transistors of each bridge are connected together and the corresponding external terminal can be used for the connection of an external sensing resistor.

 

L298 Pin Configuration

L298 is a 15-pin IC as shown in L298 pin diagram and function of each pin is described below.

Pin Name

Description

COMMON TERMINALS

8, GND

Connected to GROUND.

4, SUPPLY VOLTAGE VS

Connected to +5V.

9, LOGIC SUPPLY VOLTAGE

Supply Voltage for the Logic Blocks.

H-BRIDGE A

(1) CURRENT SENSING A

Between this pin and ground is connected the sense resistor to control the current of the load.

(2) OUTPUT 1, (3) OUTPUT 2

Outputs of the H- Bridge A. The current that flows through the load connected between these two pins is monitored at pin 1.

(5) INPUT 1, (7) INPUT 2

TTL Compatible Control Inputs of the Bridge A.

(6) ENABLE A

TTL Compatible Enable Input. The LOW state for disable.

H-BRIDGE B

(15) CURRENT SENSING B

Between this pin and ground is connected the sense resistor to control the current of the load.

(13) OUTPUT 3, (14) OUTPUT 4

Outputs of the H- Bridge B. The current that flows through the load connected between these two pins is monitored at pin 15.

(10) INPUT 3,(12) INPUT 4

TTL Compatible Control Inputs of the Bridge B.

(11) ENABLE B

TTL Compatible Enable Input. The LOW state for disable.

 

Features and Specifications

  • Operating voltage range: +5 to +46V
  • Maximum supply voltage:50V
  • Maximum Input and Enable Voltage:+7V
  • Maximum current allowed to draw through each output: 3A
  • TTL control inputs
  • Total power dissipation:25W
  • Operating temperature: -23°C  to 130°C
  • Storage Temperature: -40°C  to 150°C

 

Whereto Use L298 IC

Here are few areas where L298 is preferred:

1. L298 is basically used where H- BRIDGE is required.

2. Where a high power motor driver is required. In the marked there are H-bridges like L293 which are used for low powered application while L298 is specially designed for high power applications.

3. Where current control and PWM operable single chip device is needed.

4. The chip is preferred when control unit can only provide TTL outputs

 

Also the chip does not need any additional components to be installed for operating.

 

How to Use L298 IC

For understanding the working of L298 IC, consider the simple circuit configuration shown below.

 L298 IC Example Circuit

Here we are using one of H-BRIGES of l298 IC. As shown in circuit we have two push buttons Q1 and Q2 which act as controls inputs for bridge-A. These logic inputs are provided by Microcontroller or Microprocessor in application circuits. The four diodes are FLYBACK diodes used for protecting the IC form inductive voltage spikes. The enable pin is pulled high through a resistor so bridge-A will be functioning all the time. If it’s pulled to ground the bridge-A will be disabled no matter the input control logic.

 

After all the circuit is setup we need to press the buttons Q1 and Q2 to change the flow of current between pins OUT1 and OUT2.  The logic control table is given as.

INPUTS

FUNCTION

Q1=HIGH, Q2=LOW

Forward current

Q1=LOW,Q2=HIGH

Reverse current

Q1=Q2

Fast MOTOR stop

 

So if only Q1 is pressed, the current flows from OUT1 to OUT2. With that MOTOR rotates clock wise direction. If only Q2 is pressed, the current flows from OUT2 to OUT1. With that MOTOR rotates anti clock wise direction. If both buttons are pressed or released simultaneously the MOTOR comes to stop immediately. In this way we can control the motor rotation using L298 chip.

 

Applications

  • Robotic arms
  • Robots
  • Relay drivers
  • Vending machines.
  • Industrial machines.
  • Engineering systems.
  • Measuring instruments.
  • Hobby projects.

 

2D Model

L298 IC Dimensions




Download Datasheet PDF:
L298 Datasheet