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Joystick Module

Pin Configuration

Pin No.

Pin Name




Ground terminal of Module



Positive supply terminal of Module



Voltage Proportional to X axis



Voltage Proportional to Y axis






  • Two independent Potentiometer: one for each axis ( X and Y)
  • Auto return to center position
  • Low weight
  • Cup-type Knob
  • Compatible to interface with Arduino or with most microcontrollers


Technical Specifications

  • Operating Voltage: 5V
  • Internal Potentiometer value: 10k
  • 2.54mm pin interface leads
  • Dimensions: 1.57 in x 1.02 in x 1.26 in (4.0 cm x 2.6 cm x 3.2 cm)
  • Operating temperature: 0 to 70 °C


Note: Complete technical details can be found in the Joystick Module Datasheet linked at the bottom of this page.


Internal Structure

The below image is the internal diagram of a Joystick Module. It consists of two Potentiometer, each for one axis (X and Y). Both 10k potentiometer are independent to move in their particular direction. SW (Switch) pin is connected to a push button internally.

 Joystick Module Internal Structure


Where Joysticks Are Used?

When we listen the word “Joystick” we think of Game controllers. If we talk about Electronics there are many useful application of Joystick. These type of module are mostly used in Arduino based DIY projects and Robot Control. As we know, the module gives analog output so it can be used for feeding the analog input based on direction or movement. It can also be connected to a movable camera to control its movement.


How to Use Joystick?

We can use a Joystick Module with Arduino, Raspberry Pi and any other Micro-controllers. We just have to connect the axis Pins VRx and VRy to the ADC Pins of the micro-controller. If you want to use the switch then connect it to the digital Pin of the Micro-controller. Follow the below block diagram to connect Joystick Module with Microcontroller

 Joystick Module connection with Micro-controller

As used in many projects, the interfacing diagram of Joystick Module with the Arduino is given below. It helps you to connect the joystick Module with Arduino and get the analog output based on the direction of movement of Joystick Knob.

 Joystick Module interfacing with Arduino

After Interfacing Joystick Module with the Arduino, we will get the analog output. The output range is fixed for each direction. The below image shows, the value of analog output for X and Y axis based on the movement of Joystick Module in all four directions (+X, -X, +Y, -Y). You will also get some analog value when moving the knob diagonally.

 Joystick Module Analog Output


  • Camera Pan/Tilt Control
  • Game Input/Control
  • Robot Control
  • Analog Input of Parameters
  • Widely use in DIY projects


 Joystick Module 2D-model

Component Datasheet

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