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BeagleBone Black

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Beaglebone Black is a no less than a computer. Yes, you read it right. It is packed with everything you find in a desktop or a laptop. A powerful processor, memory, and graphics acceleration all shrunken down as chips and soldered into a single circuit board. Therefore, it is fair enough to call it a single-board computer.

This powerful microcontroller board can be hooked up with a display, speakers, Ethernet network, keyboard and mouse. Moreover, it can be used to boot up a LINUX operating system.

It is a powerful tool for hobbyists and researchers to build sophisticated projects and a good approach to learning more about LINUX based operating systems.

 

Similar Development Boards

Raspberry Pi, Arduino Yun , ARM LPC2129, Intel Edison, Beagle Bone Green,.

 

Beaglebone Black Pin Configuration

Each digital I/O pin has 8 different modes to choose from, including GPIO.

Below are the BeagleBone Black Pinout tables for the P8 and P9 expansion headers of the Beaglebone black.

The PROC column is the pin number on the processor.

The MODE columns are the different mode setting available for each pin.

Please note that the MODE5  is missing because it really just don’t do anything. The only pin that works in MODE5 is GPIO0_7 in expansion header P9. It can be set as mmc0_swdp.

 

Expansion Header P8 Pinout

PIN

PROC

NAME

MODE0

MODE1

MODE2

MODE3

MODE4

MODE6

MODE7

1,2

 

 

 

 

GND

 

 

 

 

3

R9

GPIO1_6

gpmc_ad6

mmc1_dat6

 

 

 

 

GPIO1[6]

4

T9

GPIO1_7

gpmc_ad7

mmc1_dat7

 

 

 

 

GPIO1[7]

5

R8

GPIO1_2

gpmc_ad2

mmc1_dat2

 

 

 

 

GPIO1[2]

6

T8

GPIO1_3

gpmc_ad3

mmc1_dat3

 

 

 

 

GPIO1[3]

7

R7

TIMER4

gpmc_advn_ale

 

timer4

 

 

 

GPIO2[2]

8

T7

TIMER7

gpmc_oen_ren

 

timer7

 

 

 

GPIO2[3]

9

T6

TIMER5

gpmc_be0n_cle

 

timer5

 

 

 

GPIO2[5]

10

U6

TIMER6

gpmc_wen

 

timer6

 

 

 

GPIO2[4]

11*

R12

GPIO1_13

gpmc_ad13

lcd_data18

mmc1_dat5*

mmc2_dat1

eQEP2B_in

 

GPIO1[13]

12*

T12

GPIO1_12

gpmc_ad12

lcd_data19

mmc1_dat4*

mmc2_dat0

eQEP2A_in

 

GPIO1[12]

13*

T10

EHRPWM2B

gpmc_ad9

lcd_data22

mmc1_dat1*

mmc2_dat5

ehrpwm2B

 

GPIO0[23]

14*

T11

GPIO1_26

gpmc_ad10

lcd_data21

mmc1_dat2*

mmc2_dat6

ehrpwm_tripzone

 

GPIO0[26]

15*

U13

GPIO1_15

gpmc_ad15

lcd_data16

mmc1_dat7*

mmc2_dat3

eQEP2_strobe

 

GPIO1[15]

16*

V13

GPIO1_14

gpmc_ad14

lcd_data17

mmc1_dat6*

mmc2_dat2

eQEP2_index

 

GPIO1[14]

17*

U12

GPIO1_27

gpmc_ad11

lcd_data20

mmc1_dat3*

mmc2_dat7

ehrpwm0_synco

 

GPIO0[27]

18

V12

GPIO2_1

gpmc_clk_mux0

lcd_memory_clk

gpmc_wait1

mmc2_clk

 

mcasp0_fsr

GPIO2[1]

19*

U10

EHRPWM2A

gpmc_ad8

lcd_data23

mmc1_dat0*

mmc2_dat4

ehrpwm2A

 

GPIO0[22]

20*

V9

GPIO1_31

gpmc_csn2

gpmc_be1n

mmc1_cmd*

 

 

 

GPIO1[31]

21*

U9

GPIO1_30

gpmc_csn1

gpmc_clk

mmc1_clk*

 

 

 

GPIO1[30]

22

V8

GPIO1_5

gpmc_ad5

mmc1_dat5

 

 

 

 

GPIO1[5]

23

U8

GPIO1_4

gpmc_ad4

mmc1_dat4

 

 

 

 

GPIO1[4]

24

V7

GPIO1_1

gpmc_ad1

mmc1_dat1

 

 

 

 

GPIO1[1]

25

U7

GPIO1_0

gpmc_ad0

mmc1_dat0

 

 

 

 

GPIO1[0]

26

V6

GPIO1_29

gpmc_csn0

 

 

 

 

 

GPIO1[29]

27*

U5

GPIO1_22

lcd_vsync*

gpmc_a8

 

 

 

 

GPIO2[22]

28*

V5

GPIO1_24

lcd_pcik*

gpmc_a10

 

 

 

 

GPIO2[24]

29*

R5

GPIO1_23

lcd_hsync*

gpmc_a9

 

 

 

 

GPIO2[23]

30*

R6

GPIO1_25

lcd_ac_bias_en*

gpmc_a11

 

 

 

 

GPIO2[25]

31*

V4

UART5_CTSN

lcd_data14*

gpmc_a18

eQEP1_index

mcasp0_axr1

uart5_rxd

uart5_ctsn

GPIO0[10]

32*

T5

UART5_RTSN

lcd_data15*

gpmc_a19

eQEP1_strobe

mcasp0_ahclkx

mcasp0_axr3

uart5_rtsn

GPIO0[11}

33*

V3

UART4_RTSN

lcd_data13*

gpmc_a17

eQEP1B_in

mcasp0_fsr

mcasp0_axr3

uart4_rtsn

GPIO0[9]

34*

U4

UART3_RTSN

lcd_data11*

gpmc_a15

ehrpwm1A

mcasp0_ahclkr

mcasp0_axr2

uart3_rtsn

GPIO2[17]

35*

V2

UART4_CTSN

lcd_data12*

gpmc_a16

ehrpwm1_tripzone

mcasp0_aclkr

mcasp0_axr2

uart4_ctsn

GPIO0[8]

36*

U3

UART3_CTSN

lcd_data10*

gpmc_a14

ehrpwm0_synco

mcasp0_axr0

 

uart3_ctsn

GPIO2[16]

37*

U1

UART5_TXD

lcd_data8*

gpmc_a12

 

mcasp0_aclkx

uart5
_txd

uart2_ctsn

GPIO2[14]

38*

U2

UART5_RXD

lcd_data9*

gpmc_a13

 

mcasp0_fsx

uart5_rxd

uart_rtsn

GPIO2[15]

39*

T3

GPIO2_12

lcd_data6*

gpmc_a6

 

eQEP2_index

 

 

GPIO2[12]

40*

T4

GPIO2_13

lcd_data7*

gpmc_a7

 

eQEP2_strobe

pr1_edio_data_out7

 

GPIO2[13]

41*

T1

GPIO2_10

lcd_data4*

gpmc_a4

 

eQEP2A_in

 

 

GPIO2[10]

42*

T2

GPIO2_11

lcd_data5*

gpmc_a5

 

eQEP2B_in

 

 

GPIO2[11]

43*

R3

GPIO2_8

lcd_data2*

gpmc_a2

 

ehrpwm2_tripzone

 

 

GPIO2[8]

44*

R4

GPIO2_9

lcd_data3*

gpmc_a3

 

ehrpwm_synco

 

 

GPIO2[9]

45*

R1

GPIO2_6

lcd_data0*

gpmc_a0

 

ehrpwm2A

 

 

GPIO2[6]

46*

R2

GPIO2_7

lcd_data1*

gpmc_a1

 

ehrpwm2B

 

 

GPIO2[7]

 

*some pins are used by internal storage eMMC (11-21) and HDMI (27-46)

 

Expansion Header P9 Pinout

PIN

PROC

NAME

MODE0

MODE2

MODE3

MODE4

MODE6

MODE7

1,2

 

 

 

 

GND

 

 

 

3,4

 

 

 

 

DC_3.3V

 

 

 

5,6

 

 

 

 

VDD_5V

 

 

 

7,8

 

 

 

 

SYS_5V

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

 

PWR_BUT

 

 

 

10

A10

RESET_OUT

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

T17

gpmc_wait0

mii2_crs

gpmc_csn4

rmii2_crs_dv

mmc1_sdcd

uart4_rxd_mux2

gpio0[30]

12

U18

gpmc_be1n

mii2_col

gpmc_csn6

mmc_dat3

gpmc_dir

mcasp0_aclkr_mux3

gpio1[28]

13

U17

gpmc_wpn

mii2_rxerr

gpmc_csn5

rmii2_rxerr

mmc2_sdcd

uart4_txd_mux2

gpio0[31]

14

U14

gpmc_a2

mii2_txd3

rgmii2_td3

mmc2_dat1

gpmc_a18

ehrpwm1A_mux1

gpio1[18]

15

R13

gpmc_a0

gmii2_txen

rmii2_tctl

mii2_txen

gpmc_a16

ehrpwm1_tripzone

gpio1[16]

16

T14

gpmc_a3

mii2_txd2

rgmii2_td2

mmc2_dat2

gpmc_a19

ehrpwm1B_mux1

gpio1[19]

17

A16

spi0_cs0

mmc2_sdwp

I2C1_SCL

ehrpwm0_synci

 

 

gpio0[5]

18

B16

spi0_d1

mmc1_sdwp

I2CL_SDA

ehrpwm0_tripzone

 

 

gpio0[4]

19

D17

uart1_rtsn

timer5

dcan0_rx

I2C2_SCL

spi1_cs1

 

gpio0[13]

20

D18

uart1_ctsn

timer6

dcan0_tx

I2C2_SDA

spi1_cs0

 

gpio0[12]

21

B17

spi0_d0

uart2_txd

I2C2_SCL

ehrpwm0B

 

EMU3_mux1

gpio0[3]

22

A17

spi0_sclk

uart2_rxd

I2C2_SDA

ehrpwm0A

 

EMU2_mux1

gpio0[2]

23

V14

gpmc_a1

gmii2_rxdv

rgmii2_rxdv

mmc2_dat0

gpmc_a17

ehrpwm0_synco

gpio1[17]

24

D15

uart1_txd

mmc2_swdp

dcan1_rx

I2C1_SCL

 

 

gpio0[15]

25

A14

mcasp0_ahclkx

eQEP0_strobe

mcasp0_axr3

mcasp1_axr1

EMU4_mux2

 

gpio3[21]

26

D16

uart1_rxd

mmc1_sdwp

mcasp0_axr2

I2C1_SDA

 

 

gpio0[14]

27

C13

mcasp0_fsr

eQEP0B_in

 

mcasp1_fsx

EMU2_mux2

 

gpio3[19]

28

C12

mcasp0_ahclkr

ehrpwm0_synci

 

spi1_cs0

eCAP2_in_PWM2_out

 

gpio3[17]

29

B13

mcasp0_fsx

ehrpwm0B

 

spi1_d0

mmc1_sdcd_mux1

 

gpio3[15]

30

D12

mcasp0_axr0

ehrpwm0_tripzone

 

spi1_d1

mmc2_sdcd_mux1

 

gpio3[16]

31

A13

mcasp0_aclkx

ehrpwm0A

 

spi1_sclk

mmc0_sdcd_mux1

 

gpio3[14]

32

 

 

 

 

VADC

 

 

 

33

C8

 

 

 

AIN4

 

 

 

34

 

 

 

 

AGND

 

 

 

35

A8

 

 

 

AIN6

 

 

 

36

B8

 

 

 

AIN5

 

 

 

37

B7

 

 

 

AIN2

 

 

 

38

A7

 

 

 

AIN3

 

 

 

39

B6

 

 

 

AIN0

 

 

 

40

C7

 

 

 

AIN1

 

 

 

41

D14

xdma_event_intr1

 

tclkin

clkout2

timer7_mux1

EMU3_mux0

gpio0[20]

D13

mcasp0_axr1

eQEP0_index

 

mcasp1_axr0

emu3

 

gpio3[20]

42

C18

eCAPO_in_PWM0_out

uart3_txd

spi1_cs1

pr1_ecap0_ecap
_capin_apwm_o

spi1_sclk

xdma_event_intr2

gpio0[7]

B12

mcasp0_aclkr

eQEP0A_in

mcasp0_axr2

mcasp1_aclkx

 

 

gpio3[18]

 

 

  • Up to 8, I/O pins can be configured  with PWM (pulse width modulator) to generate signals to control motors without taking up any extra CPU cycle
  • Pin number (32-40) in header P9 constitutes a single 12-bit analog to digital converter having 8 channels
  • There are two I2C ports. The first I2C bus is utilized to read EEPROMS. It can also be used for another digital I/O operations without interfering with that function. The second I2C is available to configure according to the need of the user
  • There are 2 SPI ports for fast shifting of data
  • For advanced users, the Beaglebone black consists of 25 PRU low latency I/Os. They can make use 2 built-in 32 bit 200 MHz microcontrollers called PRU (Programmable Real-time Unit) in order to perform some real-time task

 

Beaglebone Black Technical Specifications

Processor

Sitara AM3358BZCZ100

1 GHz, 2000 MIPS

Graphics Engine

SGX530 3D, 20M Polygons/S

SDRAM Memory

512MB DDR3L 800 MHz

Onboard Flash

4GB, 8-bit Embedded MMC

PMIC

TPS65217C PMIC regulator and one additional LDO

Debug Support

Optional Onboard 20-pin CTI JTAG, Serial Header

Power Source

miniUSB, USB or DC jack

5V DC External Via Expansion Header

PCB

3.4” x 2.1”

6 layers

Indicators

1-Power, 2-Ethernet, 4-User Controllable LEDs

HS USB 2.0 Client Port

Access to USB0, client mode via miniUSB

HS USB 2.0 Host Port

Access to USB1, Type A socket, 500 mA LS/FS/HS

Serial Port

UART0 access via 6-pin 3.3V TTL Header. Header is populated

Ethernet

10/100, RJ45

SD/MMC Connector

microSD, 3.3V

User input

Reset button

Boot button

Power button

Video out

16b HDMI, 1280 x 1024 (MAX)

1024 x 768 x 1280 x 720, 1440 x 900, 1920 x 1080@24 Hz w/EDID Support

Audio

Via HDMI Interface, Stereo

Expansion Connectors

Power 5V, 3.3V, VDD_ADC(1.8V)

3.3V I/O on all signals

McASP0, SPI1, I2C, GPIO(69 max), LCD, GPMC, MMC1, MMC2, 7 AIN(1.8V Max), 4 timers, 4 Serial Ports, CAN0, EHRPWM(0,2) , XDMA Interrupt, Power button, Expansion board ID (up to 4 can be stacked)

Weight

39.68 grams (1.4 oz)

 

Difference between Beaglebone Black and Beaglebone

 

 

 

 

Beaglebone Black

Beaglebone

Processor

AM3358BZCZ100, 1GHz

AM3359ZCZ72, 720 MHz

Video Out

HDMI

None

DRAM

512 MB DDR3L, 800MHz

256MB DDR2, 400MHz

Flash

4GB eMMC , uSD

uSD

Onboard JT

Optical

Yes, over USB

Serial

Header

Via USB

PWR Exp Header

No

Yes

Power

210-460 mA@5V

300-500 mA@5V

 

Where is Beaglebone black used?

The Beaglebone Black is a pocket-friendly, compact development platform with excellent support from its fast growing community. It is a perfect device for physical computing and smaller embedded applications.

The best feature of Beaglebone black which makes is it a complete game changer is the feature to add different capes to it. Capes are plug-in boards which are added to Beaglebone black to enhance its functionality. Capes are available for motor control, VGA, camera, LCD, and other functionalities.

The Beaglebone Black can be used when –

  • When you need to run heavy operating systems with low power

 There are many scenarios during a DIY project when Arduino is not enough. For example, during the boot of operating system and running heavy softwares, Arduino will require extra power. Here, Black comes in handy and does the same operation with low power.

  • When your project needs a lot of hardware to connected.

In terms of GPIO connectivity, the Beaglebone black knocks out Raspberry Pi. In Pi, we have a single 26-pin header to be used as 8 GPIO pins or serial bus. However, in Beaglebone black, we can find two 48-socket headers using which we can connect virtually n number of I/O hardware. It also features a number of analog I/O pins to connect sensors which out-of-the-box Pi lacks.

  • When you want your project to start quickly

Beaglebone black takes very less time to get up and running. It comes with pre-installed LINUX distro which saves a lot of time and prevents fuss.

 

How to get started with Beaglebone Black?

As mentioned earlier also, that getting started with Beaglebone black is a very quick and easy process.

  • First, plug-in it into your computer using the included mini USB. This will power it up and boot into its LINUX distro, Angstrom
  • Hook it up to a display and USB peripherals
  • You can intall driver to connect Beaglebone black to web browser an dcontrol it with your computer
  • From here, there are no limits. You can get acquainted with the LINUX operating system or write custom softwares for Beaglebone black using Python and libraries to manage all GPIOs

 

Applications

  • Robotics
  • Motor controller
  • Controlling and monitoring using Display cape
  • Automation
  • IOT
  • AWS
  • Bluetooth connectivity projects

 

2D-Model

BeagleBone Black Dimensions





Download Datasheet PDF:
BeagleBone Black Datasheet