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ATtiny85 Microcontroller

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ATtiny85 is a high performance, low power 8-bit microcontroller based on Advanced RISC Architecture. It has 8 Kbytes of In-System Programmable Flash and is popular because of its compact size and its features.

 

Attiny85 Pin Configuration

It is an 8 pin IC as shown in Atiny85 pin diagram shown above. Most I/O pins of the chip have more than one function and description for each pin is given below.

Pin no.

Pin Name

Description

Secondary  Function

1

PB5 (PCINT5/ADC0/dW)

Pin5 of  PORTB

PCINT5 : Pin Change Interrupt 0, Source5

RESET : Reset Pin

ADC0 : ADC Input Channel 0

dW : debug WIRE I/O

2

PB3 (PCINT3/XTAL1/CLKI/ADC3)

Pin3 of  PORTB

 

PCINT3 : Pin Change Interrupt 0, Source3

XTAL1 : Crystal Oscillator Pin1

CLKI : External Clock Input

OC1B : Complementary Timer/Counter1 Compare Match B Output

ADC3 : ADC Input Channel 3

3

PB4 (PCINT4/XTAL2/CLKO/OC1B/ADC2)

Pin4 of  PORTB

PCINT4 : Pin Change Interrupt 0, Source 4

XTAL2 : Crystal Oscillator Pin 2

CLKO : System Clock Output

OC1B: Timer/Counter1 Compare Match B Output

ADC2 : ADC Input Channel 2

4

GND

 

Connected to Ground

5

PB0(MOSI/DI/SDA/AIN0/OC0A/AREF/ PCINT0)

Pin0 of  PORTB

MOSI : SPI Master Data Output / Slave Data Input

DI : USI Data Input (Three Wire Mode)

SDA : USI Data Input (Two Wire Mode)

AIN0 : Analog Comparator, Positive Input

OC0A : Timer/Counter0 Compare Match A output

: Complementary Timer/Counter1 Compare Match A Output

AREF : External Analog Reference

PCINT0 : Pin Change Interrupt 0, Source 0

6

PB1(MISO/D0/AIN1/OC0B/OC1A/ PCINT1)

Pin1 of  PORTB

MISO : SPI Master Data Input / Slave Data Output

DO : USI Data Output (Three Wire Mode)

AIN1 : Analog Comparator, Negative Input

OC0B : Timer/Counter0 Compare Match B Output

OC1A: Timer/Counter1 Compare Match A Output

PCINT1 : Pin Change Interrupt 0, Source 1

7

PB2(SCK/USCK/SCL/ADC1/T0/INT0/ PCINT2)

Pin2 of  PORTB

SCK : Serial Clock Input

USCK : USI Clock (Three Wire Mode)

SCL : USI Clock (Two Wire Mode)

ADC1 : ADC Input Channel 1

T0 : Timer/Counter0 Clock Source

INT0 : External Interrupt 0 Input

PCINT2 : Pin Change Interrupt 0, Source 2

8

VCC

 

Connected to positive voltage

 

Features and Electrical Characteristics

CPU

8 bit

Number of  Pins

8

Number of  Programmable I/O pins

6

Operating Voltage

+1.8 V to +5.5V (ATTINY85V)

+2.7 V to +5.5V (ATTINY85)(+6.0V  being absolute maximum supply voltage)

Maximum DC Current per I/O Pin

40 mA

Maximum DC Current through VCC and GND Pins

200 mA

Operating Temperature

-55ºC to +125ºC

Communication Interface

Master/Slave SPI Serial Interface(5,6,7  PINS) [Can be used for programming this controller]

I2C or Two-wire Serial Interface(5,7  PINS)[Can be used to connect peripheral devices and sensors]

Universal Serial Interface (5,6,7 PINS) [Can be used for communicating with other controllers]

UART Interface

Not available

ADC Feature

4channels, 10-bit resolution ADC

Analog Comparators

1

Timer Module

Two 8-bit counter

PWM outputs

4

External Oscillator

0-10MHz for ATTINY85V

0-20MHz for ATTINY85

Internal Oscillator

0-8MHz  Calibrated Internal R-C Oscillator

CPU Speed

1 MIPS@1MHz

Program Memory or Flash memory size

8Kbytes[10000 write/erase cycles]

RAM size

512Bytes on Internal SRAM

EEPROM size

512Bytes of In-System Programmable EEPROM

Program Lock

Available

Watchdog Timer

Available

Power Save Modes

Three Modes[Idle, ADC Noise Reduction, Power-down]

 

ATTINY85 Alternatives

ATTINY25, ATTINY45, ATTINY25V, ATTINY45V, ATTINY85V

 

Brief About ATTINY85 Microcontroller

  • ATTINY85 is cheap and easily available for experimenting
  • ATTINY85 has many reference data available making it easy to work with.
  • Also ATTINY85 provides many features in lesser pins.
  • With program memory of 8Kbytes the controller has satisfying memory for many applications.
  • With various POWER SAVE modes it can work on battery operated applications.
  • With its small and compact size it can be put in many small boards.
  • With watchdog timer and other features the use on ATTINY85 is further promoted.

 

How to use ATTINY85 Microcontroller

ATTINY85 works like any other microcontroller. If stated in one sentence, all that microcontrollers do is execute the application program saved in its memory. So in the case of controllers all there to do is write application program. Without programming controller simply stays idle.

 

Step by step procedure for programming ATTINY85 is explained below:

  1. First list the tasks to be done by the designing application.
  2. Write down the functions to be executed by controller to complete required tasks.
  3. Develop the program code for the functions in IDE software.
  4. After writing the program compile it to eliminate errors.
  5. Make the IDE generate HEX file for the written program after compiling.
  6. This HEX file contains the machine code which should be saved in microcontroller flash memory.
  7. Choose the programming device (usually SPI programmer made for AVR microcontrollers) which establishes communication between PC and ATTINY85. You can also program the microcontroller using UART Interface. Programming ATTINY85 can also be done by using ARDUINO boards.
  8. Run the programmer software and choose the appropriate hex file.
  9. Burn the HEX file of written program in ATTINY85 flash memory using this program.
  10.  After disconnecting the programmer connect the appropriate peripherals for the controller and get the system started.

 

Once powered, the ATTINY85 executes the machine code saved in its memory to create the programmed response.

 

Applications

The applications of ATTINY85 are many and a few are stated below

  • Used in development boards.
  • Hobby projects
  • Drivers
  • Industrial control systems.​
  • SMPS and Power Regulation systems.
  • Analog signal measuring and manipulations.
  • Embedded systems like coffee machine, vending machine.
  • Display units.
  • Peripheral Interface system.

 

2D Model

ATtiny85 Microcontroller Dimensions



Download Datasheet PDF: