CMOS OV7670 Camera Module

CMOS OV7670 Camera Module
CMOS OV7670 Camera Module
CMOS OV7670 Camera Module Pinout
CMOS OV7670 Camera Module
CMOS OV7670 Camera Module Pinout

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Description of CMOS OV7670 Camera Module

The OV7670 camera module is a CMOS image sensor that provides full-frame windowed 8-bit images in a wide range of image formats. The OV7670 sensor is controlled using Serial Camera Control Bus (SCCB) which is an I2C interface with a maximum clock frequency of 400Khz.

 

Features and specifications of CMOS OV7670 Camera Module

This section mentions some of the specifications and the features of the CMOS OV7670 Camera Module:

  1. Operating voltage: 3.3V DC
  2. Resolution: 640x480 VGA
  3. Optical Size: ⅙ inch
  4. Power Consumption: 60mW
  5. High-quality F1.8 / 6mm lens
  6. Output support for Raw RGB (GRB 4:2:2, RGB565/555/444), YUV (4:2:2) and YCbCr (4:2:2) formats
  7. S/N Ratio: 46 dB
  8. Maximum Image Transfer rate: 30 FPS for VGA
  9. Supports image sizes: VGA, CIF, and any size scaling down from CIF to 40x30
  10. Standard SCCB interface compatible with I2C interface
  11. Lens shading correction Flicker (50/60 Hz) auto-detection
  12. Saturation level auto adjust (UV adjust) 
  13. Edge enhancement level auto adjust

 

Software Required to Analyze Output Image from CMOS OV7670

Arduino IDE and Serial Port Reader

 

Alternatives for CMOS OV7670 Camera Module

Arducam HQ, IMX219

 

Equivalents for CMOS OV7670 Camera Module

OV7675, OV2640, OV7725, OV5642, OV5647

 

Note: More technical information can be found in the CMOS OV7670 Module Datasheet linked at the bottom of this page.

 

Pin Configuration of CMOS OV7670 Camera Module

The camera module consists of 16 pins. The table below describes the pin types and their functions.

Pin Number

Pin Type

Description

1

VCC

+3.3V DC power input

2

GND

Ground

3

SCL

I2C Serial Clock

4

SDA

I2C Serial Data I/O

5

VSYNK

Vertical Sync output; Active High; Indicates active frames

6

HREF

Horizontal Reference; Active High; Indicates active pixels

7

PCLK

Pixel clock output from the sensor

8

XCLK

Master clock into the sensor

9

Dout9

Pixel Data Outuput 9(MSB)

10

Dout8

Pixel Data Output 8

11

Dout7

Pixel Data Output 7

12

Dout6

Pixel Data Output 6

13

Dout5

Pixel Data Output 5

14

Dout4

Pixel Data Output 4

15

Dout3

Pixel Data Output 3

16

Dout2

Pixel Data Outuput 2(LSB)

Since the CMOS OV7670 camera module is created by different manufacturers and distributors, the pin configuration might differ. Some OV7670 modules also have 18 pins, 2 of the additional pins may be RESET and PWDN.

 

Connecting CMOS OV7670 Camera Module with an MCU/MPU

This section discusses the connections between a microcontroller or a microprocessor to a CMOS OV7670 camera module. It is easy to interface it to an MCU/MPU, but for some, the wiring could get a little complex. Make sure to use good quality and short-length jumper wires as improper wirings could induce noises and impact the picture quality.

CMOS OV7670 Camera Module with MCU

Note: Some OV7670 modules also have 18 pins, 2 of the additional pins may be RESET and PWDN. These pins can be connected to the 3.3V and ground pin of the MCU/MPU, respectively.

 

Functional Block Diagram of the CMOS OV7670 Camera Module

The OV7670 module includes an image sensor array, timing generators, A/D Converters, Test pattern generators, DSP (Digital Signal Processor), Image scaler Digital Video port, Strobe flash control output, and LEDs.

CMOS OV7670 Camera Module Block Diagram

The block diagram above shows how a camera-based system functions. The module is powered by a 3.3V supply. The module is connected to an external oscillator which provides the clock source for the camera module’s XCLK pin. With the proper configuration to the camera’s internal registers via the I2C bus, the camera module provides the pixel clock and the data output back to the host via HREF and VSYNC ports.

 

Applications for CMOS OV7670 Camera Module

Here are some of the applications of the OV7670 Camera Module:

  1. Cellular phone
  2. Facial Recognition
  3. Document scanning
  4. Surveillance systems
  5. Obstacle avoidance

 

2D Model of CMOS OV7670 Camera Module

Below is the 2D model of the OV7670 camera module. The dimensions can be used to design custom footprints of the module and use it while PCB and CAD model designing.

CMOS OV7670 Camera Module Dimensions

Note: All the dimensions are in millimeters.

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