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LM258 – Dual Operational Amplifier IC

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LM258 is dual operational amplifiers IC and is a member of ‘LMxx’ family. The ‘LM’ series originated with integrated circuits made by National Semiconductor. The prefix ‘LM’ stands for linear monolithic, referring to the analog components integrated onto a single piece of silicon. The chip consists of two independent, high gain, internally frequency compensated operational amplifiers which were designed specifically to operate from a single power supply over a wide range of voltages. Operation from split power supplies is also possible and the low power supply current drain is independent of the magnitude of the power supply voltage.

 

Pin configuration

LM258 is an eight pin device as shown in above pin diagram and description for each pin is given below.

Pin

Name

 Description

1

1OUT

Output pin of the Op-amp 1

2

1IN-

Inverting input of Op-amp 1

3

1IN+

Non-Inverting input of Op-amp 1

4

GND

Ground

5

2IN+

Non-Inverting  input of Op-amp 2

6

2IN-

Inverting  input of Op-amp 2

7

2OUT

Output pin of the Op-amp 2

8

VCC

Power supply

The device is available in many packages the user can choose depending on requirement.

 

Features and Electrical characteristics of LM258

  • Wide range of supply voltage
  • Can work from single power supply
  • Two individually operated operational amplifiers
  • Low noise interference among op-amps
  • Wide Bandwidth (Unity Gain): 1 MHz
  • Large DC Voltage Gain: 100 dB
  • Low Input Offset Voltage: 2 mV
  • Input common-mode voltage range includes ground
  • Differential input voltage range equal to the power supply voltage
  • Internal Frequency Compensation
  • Single Supply Operation: +3.0 V to +32 V
  • Dual  Supply Operation: +16V and -16V
  • Very Low Supply Current Drain (500µA)
  • Operating temperature: -25ºC to 85ºC
  • Total power dissipation: 830mW

 

Similar ICs

LM158, LM158A, LM358, LM358A, LM2904, LM2904Q, LM4558, LM747

 

Overview of LM258 Op-amp

LM258 IC can be used to realize general purpose op-amp operation circuits like comparator, differential amplification or mathematical operations. Moreover the device specifically designed for applications like transducer amplifiers, dc amplification blocks to be implemented more easily in single-supply-voltage systems. For example, these devices can be operated directly from the standard 5V supply used in digital electronics without additional -5V supply.

In addition with two of those op-amp on board the device can perform two different functions at a time which comes in handy in applications. The device is popular among hobbyists and engineers for being low cost and good performance.  

 

How to use LM258 IC

As mentioned earlier there are two op-amps in the LM258 IC and they are connected internally as shown below.

LM258 Internal Structure

Here theses two op-amps can be used to realize any of op-amp application circuits like amplifier, comparator, oscillators and mathematical operations.  So we will construct a simple Non inverting amplifier to understand the use of device.

Now let us take a single op-amp from the two and construct a simple application circuit as show below.

LM258 Application Circuit

In the above circuit the op-amp acts as a Non-Inverting Amplifier (Since input is given to Non-inverting terminal of op-amp) and output is provided as Vo. Also the device is powered from single voltage source of VCC.

We have the equation for the output Vo =Input voltage * Gain = Vi * A = Vi * (1+R1/R2)

For example:

Say R1 = 100, R2 = 10 and Input voltage Vi = 20mV

We will have Vo = 20m*(1+10)=220mV

 

With that we have realized the amplifier circuit of op-amp and in a similar way we use the device to design all other application circuits of op-amp.

 

Applications

  • Digital and Analog electronics
  • Power Supplies and Mobile Chargers
  • Desktop PC and Motherboard
  • Uninterruptible Power Supplies
  • Mathematical operations
  • Amplifiers
  • Oscillators
  • Voltage Comparators
  • Washers, Dryers, and Refrigerators
  • Programmable Logic Controllers
  • Measuring instruments

 

2D-Model

LM258 IC Dimensions



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